You need to access your Linux machine that is running Debian or Ubuntu from Windows with use of Remote Desktop Connection. This is easy and simple task and you can use Microsoft Remote Desktop connection or what I am using the MobaXterm client.
On Debian install xRDP package and you will be set to connect from Windows machine at no time. xRDP is a server which allows you to connect remotely to Linux box via Remote Desktop Connection. No configuration required, you will be asked only to use your Linux credentials in order to connect.
su apt-get install xrdp
Once installed you can go back to your Windows machine and use RDP or MobaXterm to connect to your Debian or Ubuntu machine.
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